While incoming president donald trump accused china of currency manipulation, among others, during the campaign, china is offering the necessary funding and engineering knowhow to build bridges of friendship in america as part of its global new silk road and maritime silk road. Dec 14, 2014 with its maritime silk route initiative, china is rapidly developing a presence in the bay of bengal. This article argues that the origins and theoretical underpinnings of xi jinpings belt and road initiative can actually be traced back to the mid1980s, that is, almost three decades before the official media unveiled the maritime silk road initiative msri. Jinpings fall 20 announcement of the new one belt, one road.
The initiative has increasingly emerged as chinas major vehicle for international engagement, with important health dimensions. Incorporated in 2007, the roots of silk route shipping srs are back at the end of the 90s. The maritime silk road fell into decline because of the haijin policy of the qing dynasty. Pdf the plans for the maritime silk road affect the existing liner services. One of the two aspects of this policy regarding transport connectivity is the so called 21st. The extensive maritime trade network between the harappan and mesopotamian civilizations as early as the 3rd millennium bce is a testimony to the long maritime trade history of india. From kuala lumpur, the maritime silk road heads to. Pdf the maritime silk road and chinas belt and road initiative. The silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk road page 3 geographic coverage according to the action plan, the belt will have three routes and the road will have two routes for a graphic representation of these routes, please refer to exhibit 1. Introduction the geopolitics of chinas maritime silk road initiative jeanmarc f. A comparative view of the ancient and 21st century. It is a result of the chinese dream and provides a chinaled framework for economic and political cooperation that is based on a huge intercontinental infrastructural network.
For decades, excavations along the east african coast have unearthed thousands of chinese ceramics in several centres along this coast, which stretches for nearly 3000 km. Apr 11, 2014 the maritime silk route emphasises on improving connectivity but more importantly, it aspires to improve chinas geostrategic position in the world. Youve probably heard of the silk road, the ancient trade route that once ran between china and the west during the days of the roman empire. April 03, 2020 the philippines coronavirus lockdown is becoming a crackdown april 03, 2020 where in the world are there no coronavirus cases. International expedition of the islamic culture along the coast of china 27 february 16 march. The maritime silk route and chinas naval ambitions the diplomat all. The silk road economic belt is a new economic development zone on the basis of the ancient silk.
Look at china first policy from maritime silk route to. For india, it is instructive that the sales pitch of shared economic gains does not conceal the msrs real purpose. Maritime security was not mentioned in the 2015 document. Press release for immediate release exhibition of 21stcentury maritime silk road focused on development of the belt and road initiative hong kong, 30 november 2015 marintec china 2015 the largest and most authoritative maritime trade fair in asia will introduce a new exhibition area to its event, the 21 stcentury maritime silk road, which is hosted by the. The maritime silk road is a major component of the belt and road development framework. It also provides insights as to how companies can successfully. Since president xi jinpings announcement of the policies of a 21st century maritime silk road and silk road economic belt in late 20, otherwise known as belt and road. A flexible implementation process by alice ekman chinas new silk roads or one belt, one road obor, or belt and road 2 launched by president xi jinping in autumn 20, is a top priority for beijing, and will likely remain so after the 19th party congress. The maritime silk road msr emphasises improving connectivity but more importantly, it is designed to improve chinas geostrategic position in the world. In 203,the chinese government announced its plans to create and develop the silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk route economic belt, hereinafter referred to as the belt. The geopolitical relevance of piraeus and chinas new silk. Pdf the aim of this article is to explore the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century maritime silk road presumably a gigantic economic. It begins with a narration of the historical background of msr, its.
One belt, one road the silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk road was presented in autumn 20 and has become the central foreign policy project of chinese president xi jinping. China unveils maritime silk road plans chinas belt and road initiative includes a maze of roads like the china pakistan economic corridor, bangladesh, china, india, myanmar corridor, and the maritime silk road. The silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime. Pdf on mar 30, 2019, aiping feng and others published the 21st century maritime silk road.
Nov 28, 2018 chinas one belt one road initiative, which is both a land and maritime silk road seeking to connect east asia, central asia, the middle east, africa, and europe, is, for frankopan, the driving force of 21st century geopolitics. Chinas maritime silk road fuelling indian anxiety east. The geopolitics of chinas maritime silk road initiative. Belt and road initiative, also referred to as the new silk road, on the 71 countries potentially involved. The 21st century maritime silk road, executive summary. The initiative consists of several infrastructure investment projects to improve the land and maritime transportation in the belt and road initiative region. Maritime treasures off the malay peninsula 001 keat gin, school of humanities, universiti sains malaysia. Silk road on the sea maritime silk route in order to distinguish it from the traditional silk road, this maritime trade route linking the east and west was given the name silk road on the sea by a japanese scholar in 1967. Maritime silk road project blogs, comments and archive news on.
China, europe and the maritime silk road clingendael. The belt and road initiative, namely the silk road economic belt and 21stcentury maritime silk road, is chinas major move to expand and deepen the openingup policies to the outside world, arousing wide concern in the international community. The silk road economic belt and 21st century maritime silk road. A flexible implementation process by alice ekman chinas new silk roads or one belt, one road obor, or belt and road2 launched by president xi jinping in autumn 20, is a top priority for beijing, and will likely remain so after the 19th party congress. The silk road primarily refers to the land routes connecting east asia and southeast asia with south asia, persia, the arabian peninsula, east africa and southern europe. Both routes may serve to further unite chinese and russian economic and strategic interests. We are a versatile company, continuously adapting to market and customers needs. On land, the initiative will focus on jointly building a new eurasian land bridge and developing. The silk route was consisted by land silk route and the maritime silk route. Europe through the horn of africa via the indian ocean prompts indias attention from the point of. The maritime spread of islam in korea and its growth dr.
Iran is of particular significance to china because it borders both the caspian sea. Vision and actions on jointly building silk road economic. Chinas maritime silk road an ambitious undertaking dr peter roell may 2016 abstract the author introduces his presentation by way of a comparison of the two g7 statements regarding the buildup of tensions in the east and south china sea. The geopolitical relevance of piraeus and chinas new silk road for southeast europe and turkey clingendael report, december 2016 although its membership is broader. A paper for china as a maritime power conference july 2829.
Maritime silk routes the story of the oldest trade routes. One belt, one road and the history of the maritime silk route. South china sea silk route the south china sea silk route was an important conduit for chinas exchanges with the outside world. The aim of this unesco expert meeting for the world heritage nomination process of the maritime silk routes, which will be held on 3031 may 2017 in london, is to bring together scholars who have worked on the history, archaeology, and heritage of maritime interactions across this vast area in order to discuss the strategy for further research. Repaving the ancient silk routes pwc growth markets centre realising opportunities along the belt and road june 2017 in this report 1 foreword 2 chapter 1. This route was opened along the south china sea both for the silk trade and for the trunk line of traffic on the maritime silk road. Maritime silk road project latest breaking news, pictures, videos, and special reports from the economic times. Yet a third road, namely the northern sea route nsr in the. Apr 17, 2017 the maritime silk route msr begins in the countrys fujian province in quanzhou city, which is the starting point of the silk route. Assessing the impact of the maritime silk road sciencedirect.
One of the passengers in this film is a young man who keeps a log of the voyage, named shazan ibn yusof. It is essentially a marine trade route between china and south asia, west asia, europe and north africa, which dealt with transportation of silk. Experts say maritime silk road will stimulate economic. The maritime spread of islam in korea and its growth.
The haijin policy was a ban on maritime activities imposed during the ming and qing dynasties. The focus of the workshop was the economics behind the chinese silk road economic belt sreb and its impact in central asia. The name refers to the land and sea trading networks of the ancient and middle ages that have connected east, south and west asia with europe and north africa. Oil, gas and energy business under one belt one road. Work on the museum started in late 2004 and the museum opened to the public on 24 december 2009. It has been a great pleasure working with and learning from fes professional, thoughtful and knowledgeable staff.
In early 2018, ahead of visits to china, both emmanuel macron and theresa may declined to sign a memorandum of understanding on maritime silk road. The latter, in turn, begins in quanzhou fujian and hits other southern chinese ports before heading to the malacca strait. Maritime silk road and indonesias perspective of maritime. This paper discusses revival of the maritime silk road. The silk road was a network of trade routes which connected the east and west, and was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions from the 2nd century bce to the 18th century. Not only roads, railways and ports, ie transport infrastructure, but also energy routes oil and gas pipelines play an important role as shown in the above map. Pdf locating chinas maritime silk road in the context of the. From the dawn of the historical epoch, the maritime trade network.
The silk road was a trading route which started from changan now xian, then gansu province, xinjiang, central asia, west asia and linked the mediterranean countries. Maritime silk road is designed to go from chinas coast to europe through the south china sea and the indian ocean in one route, and from chinas coast through the south china sea to the south pacific in the other. Myanmars role in chinas maritime silk road initiative. The purpose of this paper is to quantify using the terms of network. Download the report china unveiled the concept for the twentyfirst century maritime silk road msr in 20 as a development strategy to boost infrastructure connectivity throughout southeast asia, oceania, the indian ocean, and east africa. The maritime silk road the road contributes to chinas maritime renaissance and serves chinas core interests. Apr 02, 2018 download the report china unveiled the concept for the twentyfirst century maritime silk road msr in 20 as a development strategy to boost infrastructure connectivity throughout southeast asia, oceania, the indian ocean, and east africa. The southern extension of the route offers access to the south pacific. Mar 26, 2017 in 20, the peoples republic of china prc announced its ambitious one belt, one road obor initiative. Chinas maritime silk road fuelling indian anxiety 4 march 2017. The 21 st century maritime silk road msr will begin from china, moving on to the south china sea and then southeast asia, the indian ocean, africa, and europe.
A paper for china as a maritime power conference july 28. The new silk road the washington institute for near east. China referred to both collectively as one belt, one road obor. He goes on to give a brief outline of the historical maritime silk road and its 21st century. A comparative view of the ancient and 21st century maritime. This paper considers chinas 21st century maritime silk road. Maritime silk road or maritime silk route refer to the maritime section of historic silk road that connects china to southeast asia, indonesian archipelago, indian subcontinent, arabian peninsula, all the way to egypt and finally europe. The new silk road just like the ancient one also does not have one single route, but aims at building several regional trade and economic links. Since 20, china has steadily rolled out an ambitious one belt one road initiative also called the belt and road initiative, the silk road economic belt and the 21st century maritime silk road, or the belt and road. On the other hand, the 21st century maritime silk road connects china and southeast asian countries to europe and africa. It flourished between the 2nd century bc and 15th century ad. Oct 24, 2019 however, the maritime trade routes for silk are believed to have come into existence some time before the silk road. Marco polo followed this route, reaching china overland via khotan and beginning his homeward journey with a ship on the maritime silk road from quanzhou to iran.
The maritime silk road was a conduit for trade and cultural exchange between chinas southeastern coastal areas and foreign countries. The economics of the silk road economic belt o n 20 october 2015, rusi held a daylong workshop in almaty, kazakhstan, in collaboration with kimep university and the friedrich ebert stiftung fes. The msr is the maritime complement to the silk road economic belt, which focuses on infrastructure development across central asia. It is this momentum that chinas bri seeks to tap into, to the countrys benefit. This article aims to offer a comparative view between the ancient and 21 st century maritime silk road.
Chinas maritime silk road an ambitious undertaking dr. The silk road economic belt and the 21stcentury maritime silk road, also known as the belt and road initiative, is a development strategy and framework, proposed by chinese paramount leader xi. Integral part of maritime archaeological research in ministry of marine in hope that underwater sites in indonesia also can be useful for the life of the local community. In recent days, chinas proposal for a maritime silk route msr has been a subject of speculation and debate. While incoming president donald trump accused china of currency manipulation, among others, during the campaign, china is offering the necessary funding and engineering knowhow to build bridges of friendship in america as part of its global new silk road and maritime silk road economic outreach programs. The plans for the maritime silk road affect the existing liner services. Pdf assessing the impact of the maritime silk road researchgate. This though is only the most discussed aspect of what is in fact a global phenomenon that is by no means restricted just to the eurasian continent and adjacent waters. The washington institute for near east policy v about the author christina lin is a former visiting fellow at the washington institute, focusing on chinas increasing footprint in the middle east and cooperative efforts by china, the united states, and u. But in the shape of the maritime silk road part of the strategy, the route exists.
A maritime silk road and indonesias perspective of maritime state yose rizal damuri et al csis working paper series wppir 201701 december 12, 2014 abstract this study is intended to see how the maritime silk road msr will be positioned in indonesias development and strategic perspective in. The maritime silk road was started in the persian gulf and has continued into china and thailand. Compiled by the fung business intelligence centre based on the framework chapter of the vision and actions on jointly building silk road economic belt and 21st entury maritime silk road exhibit 2. Oct 19, 2011 his route was then called the maritime silk road and many merchants took that route to get their merchandise to china. The maritime silk road or maritime silk route refers to the maritime section of the historic silk road that connected china, southeast asia, the indian subcontinent, arabian peninsula, somalia, egypt and europe. Chinas ratification will ensure the international protection of underwater cultural heritage on the maritime silk road. As early as the tang ce 618907 dynasty, there was a maritime chinese trade route not generally considered a silk road trade route, however that originated at the mouth of the hong red river in presentday vietnam, near the presentday city of hanoi.
As a result, the container terminal at piraeus has been growing very rapidly over the past five years. The 21st century maritime silk road will pave the way for the establishment of the asiapacific economic community as well as greatly stimulate the potential to spur rapid economic growth of. These two initiatives are jointly known as one belt one road obor. Blancharda and colin flintb aschool of advanced international studies, east china normal university, shanghai, china. An empirical research on agricultural trade between china. The allimportant maritime component of this is the 21st century maritime silk route 21msr which also extends the connectivity to the african continent. Beijings plan for a maritime infrastructure corridor in the broader indopacific region, first proposed by president xi jinpings during his trip to southeast asia in october 20, has attracted attention because of its potential to establish a chinese foothold in the indian ocean. Apr 02, 2018 chinas leaders have mapped out an ambitious plan, the maritime silk road initiative msri, to establish three blue economic passages that will connect beijing with economic hubs around the world. Chinas maritime silk road initiative and the protection. The second leg of xis plan is to build a 21st century maritime silk road connecting the fastgrowing southeast asian region to chinas southern provinces through ports and railways. In particular, we would like to express our gratitude to knut dethlefsen for realizing this project. The ancient silk road has come into prominence recently.
These documents illustrate how china is learning and adapting as the road project. Envoys from countries in southeast, south, and west asia, and europe were dispatched to establish good relations with china. Chinas new silk road much is being written about chinas new one belt, one road initiative, but much of the writing focuses on china itself, on the. Therefore, china should ratify the unesco convention. It was opened by zhangqian in western han dynasty 202 bc8 ad. The maritime silk road and the pla1 a paper for china as a maritime power conference july 2829, 2015 cna conference facility arlington, virginia by morgan clemens the past decade has seen a considerable amount of speculation concerning chinas military. The belt and road initiative is chinas most ambitious and. Chinas leaders have mapped out an ambitious plan, the maritime silk road initiative msri, to establish three blue economic passages that will connect beijing with economic hubs around the world.
Compiled by the fung business intelligence centre based on the framework chapter of the vision and actions on jointly building silk road economic belt and 21st entury maritime silk road. This route has been dubbed the silk road economic belt. At the western end of the silk road were the citystates of italy, where the accumulation of wealth and knowledge led to the italian renaissance. The two most favored courses followed by trade ships were those of the east china and south china sea routes. The purpose of this paper is to quantify using the terms of network theory the impact of these plans and to project the effects on the fleet, utilization, port throughput, and carbon footprint. Mar 03, 2016 the 21 st century maritime silk road is a revitalized phenomenon under the ancient concept that promotes globalization under the principles of peace, mutual economic benefits, and sustainable development in the maritime sphere. Chinese silk was a great attraction to the rest of the world. Possible strategic implications of the maritime silk road.898 212 1555 1519 531 758 1343 1534 1118 1543 319 1432 1292 561 98 874 949 902 784 313 477 217 381 248 973 751 910 65 639 24 1182 1614 31 1032 654 814 658 21 1086 1130 554 326 1044 1122 1441